2. Emperor Augustus
On the second place of the list — the founder of the Roman Empire, Octavian Augustus. According to Stanford Professor Ian Morris (Ian Morris), a relative of Gaius Julius Caesar not only led the empire, which accounted for between 25% and 30% of world production, but also had a myriad personal wealth, equivalent to one-fifth of the economy of the empire.
In 2014, his condition would amount to about 4.6 trillion dollars. In addition, for some time, Egypt was a «personal fiefdom» Octavian that many contributed to the growth of his condition.
Augustus (23 September 63 BC – 19 August 14 AD) was the founder of the Roman Empire and its first Emperor, ruling from 27 BC until his death in AD 14.
He was born Gaius Octavius into an old and wealthy equestrian branch of the plebeian Octavii family. His maternal great-uncle Julius Caesar was assassinated in 44 BC, and Octavius was named in Caesar’s will as his adopted son and heir, then known as Octavianus (Anglicized as Octavian). He, Mark Antony, and Marcus Lepidus formed the Second Triumvirate to defeat the assassins of Caesar. Following their victory at Philippi, the Triumvirate divided the Roman Republic among themselves and ruled as military dictators. The Triumvirate was eventually torn apart under the competing ambitions of its members. Lepidus was driven into exile and stripped of his position, and Antony committed suicide following his defeat at the Battle of Actium by Octavian in 31 BC.